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Iran’s President Raisi is dead. Who Will Lead Iran Now? Effects on Iran's Economy

Updated: May 21

President Raisi is dead

Ebrahim Raisi, Iran's president from 2021 until his death in 2024, was a prominent political and religious figure. Known for his hardline stance, Raisi had a controversial career in Iran's judicial system, including involvement in the 1988 executions of political prisoners, which led to accusations of crimes against humanity.

Raisi's presidency saw strained relations with the U.S., increased uranium enrichment, and support for Russia and militant groups in the region. He was also criticized for his conservative views on women's rights and censorship.

Raisi was considered a potential successor to Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei. His death in a helicopter crash leaves a significant leadership void in Iran.

Ebrahim Raisi's Life and Career

  • Early Life: Born on December 14, 1960, in Mashhad, Iran. Began clerical studies at age 15.

  • Judicial Career: Held various positions, including Prosecutor of Karaj and Tehran, Deputy Chief Justice, and Attorney General. Criticized for his role in the 1988 executions of political prisoners.

  • Political Career: Ran for president in 2017, losing to Hassan Rouhani. Won the presidency in 2021 amid allegations of election rigging.

  • Presidency: Known for his hardline policies, increased uranium enrichment, support for Russia, and strict views on women's rights. Faced large-scale protests after the death of Mahsa Amini in 2022.

  • Death: Died in a helicopter crash on May 19, 2024, near Varzaqan. Leaves a leadership void in Iran.

Iran Faces Uncertainty After President Raisi's Death

The sudden death of Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi in a helicopter crash has thrown Tehran into uncertainty amid ongoing economic struggles, public discontent, and regional conflicts.

Details of the Incident

  • The helicopter carrying Raisi crashed while returning from Azerbaijan in poor weather, killing both Raisi and Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdollahian.

  • Raisi’s death leaves a leadership gap in a country of nearly 90 million people, which supports armed groups like Hamas, Hezbollah, and the Houthis.

Impact on Iran and the Region

  • Analysts expect some continuity but also see potential for Iran’s Revolutionary Guard to gain more political power.

  • The incident occurs during heightened regional tensions, including conflicts in Gaza and military exchanges between Iran and Israel.

Iran's Political Landscape

  • Raisi was a hardliner, elected in 2021 with the lowest voter turnout in Iranian history, and was seen as a potential successor to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Khamenei.

  • His death triggered a succession process with Vice President Mohammad Mokhber becoming interim president and new elections required within 50 days.

Future Leadership and Policies

  • Elections in Iran are tightly controlled by the Guardian Council, which decides who can run.

  • The Revolutionary Guard is expected to maintain or even increase its influence during the interim period.

  • Iran’s foreign and domestic policies, especially relations with the U.S. and Israel, are unlikely to change significantly.

Public Sentiment and Government Credibility

  • Public trust in the Iranian government is very low, with recent election turnouts among the lowest in the country's history.

  • Raisi’s unpopularity and economic mismanagement have left many Iranians dissatisfied, and his death may provide a chance for the regime to introduce a new hardliner as president.

  • However, new elections are likely to see low voter turnout and potential public resistance, though not enough to challenge the regime’s power.


  • Raisi's death adds to the already volatile situation in Iran, with the country facing economic sanctions, internal unrest, and regional conflicts. The next president will face significant challenges similar to those that marked Raisi’s tenure.

Key Points

  1. Leadership Gap: Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi died in a helicopter crash, creating uncertainty in Iran's leadership during a time of economic and political troubles.

  1. Revolutionary Guard Influence: Analysts predict that the powerful Revolutionary Guard may gain more control over Iran's political direction following Raisi's death.

  2. Unchanging Policies: Despite Raisi's death, Iran’s foreign and domestic policies, especially its tense relations with the U.S. and Israel, are not expected to change significantly.


Q1. What happened to President Ebrahim Raisi?

President Ebrahim Raisi died in a helicopter crash while returning from Azerbaijan.

Q2. Who else died in the crash?

Iran's Foreign Minister, Hossein Amirabdollahian, also died in the crash.

Q3. Who will lead Iran now?

Vice President Mohammad Mokhber will become interim president, and new elections will be held within 50 days.

Q4. Will Iran's policies change after Raisi's death?

Analysts believe Iran's foreign and domestic policies, especially relations with the U.S. and Israel, are unlikely to change.



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